Radiocarbon dating and thermoluminescence use
The search for the language of the times may have to be based on identification of the ancient lexemes, starting from a study of comparative morphemes (with similar sounds and similar meanings) of the present-day languages spoken in South Asia.
``Evidence from many sources, including that of archaeological remains associated with old river courses, indicates that a major river, stemming mainly from the same sources as the present Sutlej, flowed through Northern Rajasthan, Bahawalpur and Sind-- to the southeast of the present course of the Sutlej and the Indus -- in the third to second millennium BC. But his geographic horizon no longer holds good and the term deriving therefrom is open to question ... The wide-spread nature of the Indus Civilization throughout Panjab and Sind had already expanded the meaning of the original term.
(I shall be grateful to receive critical comments: Dr. Kalyanaraman 20/7 Warren Road, Mylapore, Madras 600004 India Tel. This work substantiates the insights provided in N.
in]) The objective of this article is to promote an understanding of and further researches into delineating the courses of the `lost' Sarasvati river from Siwalik ranges to the Rann of Kutch (s Agara) and to gain deeper insights into an ancient civilization that flourished on the Sarasvati and Indus river valleys circa 3000 BC.
References are made to yajnas performed by king citra on the banks of the river.[Apaya may be a branch of the Chitang river; this may also have yielded the sememe: ab, Ap = waters]. 21.7) referring to a Svins who rescued bhujyu, sinking in mid-ocean using a ship with a hundred oars (n Avam-aritrapara NIm). 390-396).which extended to Anatolia and the Mediterranean.
The best source for the description of life in the vedic period is the veda itself, Rgveda, in particular. Gold was smelted from the ores (PB, xviii.6.4, JB I,10) which evoke the Indian alchemical tradition enshrined in the soma rasa, later elaborated as the science of alchemy: rasa-v Ada. There is overwhelming evidence of maritime trade by the archaeological discoveries of the so-called Harappan civilization, which can now be re-christened: Sarasvati-Sindhu civilization. The Sarasvati-Sindhu rivers supported the cultivation of wheat and barley, as evidenced by the archaeological finds. The Rigvedic(rk) sources which refer to Sarasvati river are as follows: yast E stanah Sa Sayo yo mayobh Uyemna vi Sv A pushyasi v Ary ANi yo ratnadh A vasuvidyah sudatrah sarasvati tamiha dh Atave kah (RV 1.164.49) Oh Sarasvati offer that breast of yours for our nourishment here which is on your body, which spreads happiness by which you nourish (those who praise you) with all the choicest things, the one which holds all the beautiful things, which knows the enemies' wealth and which offers good gifts.
The National Atlas of India (Hindi), Calcutta, 1957, Govt.